What are the tasks of IELTS writing?

What are the tasks of IELTS writing?

In the IELTS (International English Language Testing System) writing test, candidates are evaluated on their ability to produce written responses in English. The writing test consists of two tasks: Task 1 and Task 2. Here are the tasks of IELTS writing along with their key features:

Task 1: Academic Writing

Purpose: The purpose of Task 1 in the Academic module is to assess the test taker’s ability to describe visual information (graphs, charts, tables, diagrams, etc.) in a report format.

Key Features

  1. Report Writing: Candidates are required to write a report based on the visual information provided.
  2. Descriptive Skills: Describing trends, comparisons, and significant features depicted in the visual data.
  3. Formal Tone: The writing should maintain a formal and academic tone.
  4. Word Count: Recommended word count is around 150 words. Exceeding the word limit may result in a penalty.

Common Types of Task 1

  • Line Graphs
  • Bar Charts
  • Pie Charts
  • Tables
  • Process Diagrams
  • Maps
  • Combination of the above

Task 1: General Training Writing

Purpose: In the General Training module, Task 1 assesses the test taker’s ability to write a letter in response to a situation. The letter may be formal, semi-formal, or informal.

Key Features:

  1. Letter Writing: Candidates are required to write a letter addressing a given situation or request.
  2. Appropriate Tone: The tone of the letter should be adapted to the context (formal, semi-formal, or informal).
  3. Content and Organization: Clearly expressing ideas and organizing the content logically.
  4. Word Count: Recommended word count is around 150 words. Exceeding the word limit may result in a penalty.

Common Types of Task 1:

  • Formal Letter (e.g., job application, complaint)
  • Semi-Formal Letter (e.g., making a reservation, expressing appreciation)
  • Informal Letter (e.g., writing to a friend, giving advice)

Task 2: Academic and General Training Writing

Purpose: Task 2 assesses the test taker’s ability to present a point of view, argument, or problem solution in a coherent and organized essay.

Key Features:

  1. Essay Writing: Candidates are required to write an essay in response to a prompt.
  2. Thesis Statement: Developing a clear thesis statement that addresses the task.
  3. Organization and Cohesion: Organizing ideas logically and coherently, using cohesive devices.
  4. Argument Development: Presenting a well-reasoned argument, supporting ideas with examples and evidence.
  5. Word Count: Recommended word count is around 250 words. Exceeding the word limit may result in a penalty.

Common Types of Task 2:

  • Agree/Disagree Essays
  • Advantages/Disadvantages Essays
  • Problem/Solution Essays
  • Discuss Both Views and Give Your Opinion Essays


Both tasks are scored on four criteria: Task Achievement (Task Response), Coherence and Cohesion, Lexical Resource (Vocabulary), and Grammatical Range and Accuracy. Scores are given on a band scale from 0 to 9, and the final score is the average of the scores for the two tasks.

Candidates are advised to manage their time effectively, plan their responses, and proofread their writing to avoid errors. Practice and familiarity with different types of writing tasks are crucial for success in the IELTS coaching in Chandigarh sector 34 writing test.

How can I improve my IELTS writing task?

Improving your IELTS writing skills requires practice, strategy, and feedback. Here are some tips to help you enhance your performance in IELTS Writing Task 1 and Task 2:

For IELTS Writing Task 1:

Understand the Task:

Familiarize yourself with the different types of visuals you might encounter (graphs, charts, tables, maps).

Practice interpreting and describing visual data accurately.

Practice Regularly:

Work with a variety of visual materials to simulate the test conditions.

Practice describing trends, making comparisons, and highlighting key features.

Focus on Structure:

Follow a clear structure with an introduction, overview, and detailed paragraphs.

Group information logically, and avoid unnecessary details.

Manage Time Effectively:

Allocate about 20 minutes for Task 1.

Practice completing the task within the time limit to develop time management skills.

Vocabulary and Grammar:

Use a range of vocabulary to describe trends and patterns.

Pay attention to grammar and sentence structure to convey your ideas clearly.

Seek Feedback:

Ask a teacher, tutor, or language exchange partner to review your Task 1 responses.

Focus on feedback related to clarity, coherence, and accuracy.

For IELTS Writing Task 2:

Analyze Task 2 Prompts:

Understand different question types (agree/disagree, advantages/disadvantages, etc.).

Identify the main instruction and key components of the prompt.

Develop a Thesis Statement:

Clearly state your position or main point in the introduction.

Ensure your thesis addresses the specific question in the prompt.

Organize Your Ideas:

Plan your essay with a clear introduction, body paragraphs, and a conclusion.

Group related ideas together, and use paragraph breaks effectively.

Support Your Ideas:

Provide examples, reasons, or evidence to support your main points.

Use specific details to illustrate your arguments.

Practice Writing Coherently:

Ensure there is a logical flow between sentences and paragraphs.

Use cohesive devices (transitions) to connect ideas.

Word Count Management:

Aim for around 250 words. Practice writing essays within this word limit.

Don’t sacrifice quality for quantity; focus on expressing ideas clearly.

Grammar and Vocabulary:

Pay attention to grammar, sentence structure, and word choice.

Use a mix of simple and complex sentences to demonstrate language proficiency.

Time Management:

Allocate about 40 minutes for Task 2.

Practice writing essays under timed conditions to improve time management.

Review and Revise:

Proofread your essays for errors in grammar, spelling, and punctuation.

Make revisions to improve clarity and coherence.

Get Feedback

Seek feedback from teachers, tutors, or native English speakers.

Focus on areas where you can enhance your writing skills.

Remember that consistent practice is key to improvement. Consider using official IELTS coaching in Chandigarh for practice materials, and simulate test conditions as closely as possible during your practice sessions. Additionally, analyze model essays to understand effective writing techniques and strategies.

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